Title VII of the Civil Rights Act

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Underneath the 1964 Civil Rights Act, Title VII protects folks from employers’ discrimination primarily based on race, shade, religion, intercourse or nationwide origin. Whereas Title VII solely applies to companies of 15 workers or extra, it was essential laws for equal alternative employment. Sadly, Title VII has been enacted for almost 50 years and its stipulations are nonetheless not upheld by all employers.

Title VII

Earlier to Civil Rights Act, employers had been in a position to discriminate in opposition to potential workers for any motive. The segregation of the workforce was not solely divided between “white jobs” and “black jobs,” ladies had been excluded in lots of sectors. Greater paying jobs had been virtually solely carried out by white males, and blue collar jobs had been occupied predominantly by racial minorities.

Following the laws outlawing employer discrimination, many employment requirements had been erased. For instance, there have been top laws on being a police officer that excluded virtually all ladies. In an effort to abide by the Civil Rights Act, law enforcement officers did away with the peak requirement. Comparable lodging had been made in all sectors of the workforce.


Title VII permits employers to discriminate primarily based on race, shade, religion, intercourse or nationwide origin underneath sure circumstances when such traits are thought-about a “bona fide occupational requirement,” or a BFOQ. The circumstances surrounding BFOQs require that the attribute be vital to ensure that an worker to carry out the job satisfactorily. For instance, when a director is casting an actor for the position of a Cuban basic, they might discriminate primarily based on an individual’s nation of origin.

Conditions when BFOQs apply are uncommon and the necessities surrounding their legality are very strict.

Submitting a Criticism

When you’ve got skilled office discrimination, there are a number of choices for a plan of action. Underneath Title VII, you may file a criticism along with your state’s Equal Employment Alternative Fee (EEOC) or the Honest Employment Practices Company (FEPA). You need to file a criticism at one in every of these companies inside 180 days of suspected discrimination to ensure that it to be legitimate. These companies will take up a lawsuit in opposition to the employer in your behalf if you don’t want to rent a private lawyer.

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