Basic Property Points Associated to Divorce and Household Legislation in California.

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Group Property

California is a group property state. All property that’s bought or acquired throughout marriage, or transmuted (transformed) to group property throughout marriage is group property.

The husband and spouse in a wedding, every personal an undivided one half curiosity in all group property of the wedding.

Group property isn’t divided, except divorce proceedings are initiated, or upon the demise of both the husband or spouse.

Group property will be both actual property or private property. Group property will also be companies, pension plans, or every other sort of tangible factor that’s acquired throughout marriage.

Group property is ordinarily one of many main points concerned in divorce actions.

Quasi Group Property

Quasi group property is property that’s acquired exterior of the state of California throughout marriage. Though married {couples} might have bought property in a state that’s not a group property state like California, the property will mainly be handled as if it had been group property for functions division in a divorce motion within the state of California.


Companies that had been began throughout a wedding are group property.

In some cases an individual might have owned an present enterprise earlier than they had been married, and proceed the enterprise after marriage. In a divorce motion, the courts will allocate a share of worth to the enterprise “after marriage” to find out which portion of the enterprise is group property.

For those who owned an present enterprise earlier than marriage, this can be very essential so that you can seek the advice of with an lawyer in a divorce motion as quickly as doable.


Any portion of Pensions, IRA’s, 401(ok) s, Retirement plans, and so forth., that had been contributed throughout marriage are group property.

Ordinarily the funds from pension plans should not obtainable till the pension plan vests and matures. Due to this fact particular orders are needed from the courtroom so that every celebration is ready to get their portion of any retirement plan after it matures and vests. These orders are ordinarily known as certified home relations orders or QDRO’s for brief.

Clearly events to a divorce have a vested curiosity in making certain that they get their truthful portion of any pension or retirement plans after a divorce.

Group Revenue, Financial institution Accounts, Inventory, and Investments

All earnings earned throughout a wedding is taken into account group earnings. That is true even in one of many events to a wedding earns cash in a enterprise that was theirs previous to marriage. Group earnings is similar as group property, in that every celebration owns a one half undivided curiosity in group earnings.

Every celebration to the wedding has a proper to spend and use group earnings, even when they aren’t the one which earned the cash. Nevertheless, after authorized separation or the initiation of divorce proceedings, events might solely use group property for the requirements of life and to pay their lawyer.

Likewise, any financial institution accounts, inventory, and/or investments which might be acquired throughout the marriage are additionally group property. That is true even when the checking account, inventory, and/or funding is just within the identify of one of many events.

Some events attempt to secret cash into separate financial institution accounts throughout marriage, and/or cover belongings there have been acquired throughout marriage from the opposite celebration.

If you’re a celebration in a divorce motion, you’ve what is named a fiduciary obligation of disclosure. What this implies is that you could disclose all belongings, financial institution accounts, and different of the investments that had been acquired throughout the marriage to the opposite celebration. For those who fail to completely disclose your belongings and/or earnings to the courtroom and the opposite celebration, the courtroom may severely punish you.

You’ll have learn in regards to the case the place a spouse gained the lottery, after which initiated divorce proceedings in opposition to her husband. She failed to tell the courtroom and her husband about the truth that she gained the lottery. As punishment for her failure to reveal the truth that she gained the lottery, the courtroom gave her husband the complete quantity of the lottery winnings.

Separate Property

Separate property is all property that was acquired earlier than marriage; throughout marriage by devise, will, or inheritance; and after authorized separation. The proceeds from a personal-injury judgment or settlement are additionally separate property, even when they had been acquired throughout marriage.

Upon the courtroom making a discovering that property is separate property, the individual proudly owning mentioned separate property will go away the wedding with their separate property.

Separate property will be transmuted (transformed) to group property by intent, or by inadvertence. As an example, a celebration might have a separate checking account earlier than marriage that might be thought-about separate property. If the celebration then takes earnings that was earned throughout marriage and deposits that cash into their separate checking account, they could have by inadvertence transformed that checking account to group property.

Clearly, events in a divorce continuing will more than likely wish to hold their very own separate property after the divorce is over. It is extremely essential so that you can contact an lawyer with regard to the problem of separate property to make sure that you get to maintain her separate property after the divorce.

If you’re considering submitting for divorce or are presently concerned in a divorce continuing, you could name our law agency for a free session at 818-739-1544 ext. 10, or go to our household law website at .

By Norman Gregory Fernandez, Esq., © 2006

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